Comparison of spatial distribution of pharmacies in Istanbul between 1997-2022


  • Hasan Mutlu H3GEN Software Company

    Hasan Mutlu is working as Software Developer and Manager at H3GEN Software Company for 2 years where he is co-founder. H3GEN is developing CAD/GIS softwares for civil engineers, urban planners, architects and geological engineers. Mr Mutlu started his career as a freelance urban planner and worked for several architectural and urban design projects as a designer, transportation projects as data and GIS expert. In the last years of undergraduate education, he started to learn software development. He was responsible for designing and managing of city information system, GIS and CAD software and website developments, research about urban models at İstanbul Metropolitan Municipality Planning Department between 2001-2004.  At the same time he completed his MS degree at Real Estate Development in İstanbul Technical University and wrote papers about urban development and land values. He worked at Netcad for 15 years and developed softwares about GIS management, CAD/GIS  software for road design, hydrology, irrigation, water supply and distribution, sewer system until he founded H3GEN Software Company with 2 partners in 2021. Mr Mutlu prepares papers about subjects like urban development models, CAD, GIS, 3D and optimization which he is interested in.

  • Başak Billur Mutlu H3GEN Software Company

    Başak Billur Mutlu is working as GIS Specialist at H3GEN Software company. Mrs. Billur Mutlu is graduated from Middle East Technical University, Geological Engineering Department at 2001 and completed her MS degree at same university at 2004. She started her career at NETCAD Software company as GIS Specialist at 2005. She prepared several city information system projects for municipalities and GIS projects for governmental organizations. She was responsible for project management, database design and management, education and maintenance of GIS projects and testing, documenting, education of some softwares like Remote Sensing, Electrical GIS, Geographic Archive System, WebGIS between 2005 and 2011.She worked for 1 year at TUBİTAK, GIS and RS Technologies Department as consultant and analyst for GIS projects. At 2012, she continued working at NETCAD Software Company as Project Manager. Mrs. Billur Mutlu was responsible for project management of GIS Projects and she was database designer and manager of some GIS-MIS integration projects. While she was working at NETCAD Company she started Ankara University Computer Programming Department and graduated at 2013.Between 2015 and 2021, she worked as geotechnical department manager at PLANSON Company.  Now, she is working as GIS Specialist at H3GEN Software Company.

  • Vedia Dökmeci image/svg+xml Istanbul Technical University

    Vedia (Arpacı) Dökmeci graduated from ITU Faculty of Architecture as an Engineer Architect in June 1962. She received M.S. degree in 1969 (hospital planning) and Ph.D. degree in 1972 (An analytical planning approach to regional health facility systems) from “Columbia University, School of Architecture” (New York). She became associate professor (1979) and professor (1988) at ITU Faculty of Architecture. She conducted research in the summer semesters at “Harvard University-MIT Joint Center” (1976), “University College London” (1979) and “University California, Berkeley” (1980). She taught undergraduate and graduate courses on numerical methods in planning, "location theory" and "transformation of urban systems", and conducted master's and doctoral theses. Her researches were supported by ITU, TUBITAK, SPO and the Ministry of Health and focused on mathematical modeling and applications of facility location selection, health facilities, city and regional planning, urban transformation and real estate development. She has published nine books and more than forty articles alone and with her students, in scientific journals within the scope of “HEAT”. She was awarded the Turkish Academy of Sciences (TUBA) Science Award * (1999). She initiated the first "Real Estate Development Program" at ITU (2001-) and served as its chairman (2001-2006).



İstanbul, pharmacies, spatial distribution of pharmacies, comparison of the pharmacy market areas


In this study, the spatial distribution of pharmacies is investigated in Istanbul by taking into consideration their important role for the health care delivery system. First, the growth of the number of pharmacies is compared with the growth rate of population at the city level during the last two decades within perspective of changes in health care delivery policies. Then, the growth of the number of pharmacies is compared with respect to the population growth rate of the core, intermediate and peripheral zones. The second, the changes in the pharmacy market areas are compared at the city level and in the core, intermediate and peripheral zones within the same period. Third, the regression analysis is used to show the relationships between the number of pharmacies in the districts and the population, number of hospital beds and number of physicians during the same period of time. Suggestions are made for more balanced distribution of pharmacies in order to prevent bankruptcies while sufficient accessibility provided for the customers, and for future research.


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How to Cite

Mutlu, H., Billur Mutlu, B., & Dökmeci, V. (2023). Comparison of spatial distribution of pharmacies in Istanbul between 1997-2022. Journal of Design for Resilience in Architecture and Planning, 4(1), 47–52.



Research Articles